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New PBS Documentary Looks at China's Former "One Child" Policy
March 29, 2020  | By Mike Hughes  | 1 comment
 


This isn’t what a filmmaker expects her mother to say at a premiere.

Nanfu Wang was presenting One Child Nation, which would go on to big things. It won the Grand Jury Prize at the Sundance Film Festival and debuts Monday (March 30) at 10 p.m. on PBS’s Independent Lens (check local listings). 

The film takes a fierce look at the policy that dominated China for 36 years, limiting families to one (and in some cases, two) children. Those policies came with horror stories of forced sterilizations and abortions, and of children abandoned or sold.

American audiences tend to be horrified. 

And the reaction of Wang’s mother, a villager during that era? “At the premiere Q&A, somebody asked her what she thought about it,” Wang told the Television Critics Association in January. “And she said, ‘Well, I think the film is great… But I still believe the one-child policy was necessary.’”

“And that was surprising to me and surprising to everyone,” said Wang (at top as a child with her parents.)

Maybe it shouldn’t have been. It’s the same reaction Wang found when visiting her home village.

“Everyone in our film actually said that the policy was necessary (and) if there weren’t the policy, people would have starved to death.”

Wang stridently disagrees. Yes, she says, there was starvation before the policy began, but that was due to government mistakes, not overpopulation. Some economists and sociologists, she said, feel the right approach would have been to push opportunities for women. “If they were allowed education and to pursue a career, the population would decrease as a natural result.”

For her, education was unlikely. Her father died at 33; at 12, she quit school to support her family.

But she also went to vocational school, took continuing-education classes, and got a fellowship as a Shanghai University graduate student. She went on to Ohio University and then the New York University journalism school.

Her first documentary (Hooligan Sparrow, the name of an anonymous Chinese dissident) also showed at Sundance and on PBS. For this film, her third, she confronted her own youth.

She was born in 1985 when the one-child rules were already an accepted part of Chinese life. Kids in her generation “grew up under the policy, being indoctrinated in the belief that the policy was great… Our emotions were sort of controlled by the government’s propaganda.”

Like other nations, China saw its population soar after World War II. In one generation, it jumped 74 percent to 940 million in 1976. One study claimed it would hit 4 billion by 2080. 

At first, there was a flat limit of one child; that was soon modified. A second child was allowed for rural families with a girl, for ethnic-minority families, or for some others.

By some standards, the policy (which ended in 2015) was a success; the current population is 1.4 billion. But other nations have had the same stability without harsh rules, Wang argues.

“The negative impact of the one-child policy has been shown on all aspects of the society,” she said. “One of them is the gender imbalance.”

With so many girls abandoned or sent overseas, she said, “there are many men who can’t find wives. Human Rights Watch last year published a huge report…many Chinese men began kidnapping, trafficking women from bordering countries.”

 
 
 
 
 
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1 Comments
 
 
Zeke
I am very confused.. There was an entire show recently about the hunt to marry off the "getting close to 30" Women. It was demeaning. An analog Tinder style meet-up. Matching highly educated Women, meeting Men, who all danced through the Must-Be-Head-of-Household routine. The crushing of the spirit of the young Women was palpable. It was Bejing-centric. which might make a difference?
Puzzled.
Apr 1, 2020   |  Reply
 
 
 
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